Jul 252020

Demers report on occupational cancer requires immediate action to review denied cancer claims, says Ontario Federation of Labour

July 23, 2020

Workers and family members affected by occupational cancers are not surprised by the Demers report findings that well over 90% of occupational cancers are unrecognized and uncompensated by the WSIB every year. Only a fraction result in WSIB claims, and more than one-half of those claims are denied, very often based on technicalities that are not supported by legal principles or medical science.  The Demers report also showed that Ontario is recognizing far less occupational cancer than a number of European countries such as Germany.

“This is an urgent situation.  It has devastating consequences for the affected workers and their families, many of whom end up on social assistance.  It also imposes very significant costs on the taxpayer which should properly be paid by employers through the WSIB. The WSIB must take action immediately,” said Ontario Federation of Labour President Patty Coates.

By Labour Day, WSIB must implement policy recommendations regarding the adjudication of cancer claims involving exposures to multiple carcinogens and begin a review of all previously denied occupational cancer claims. The provincial government must also add to the schedules under the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act all of the carcinogens identified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as carcinogenic to humans. In the longer term, the government must move beyond the scope of Dr. Demers’ mandate to restore an independent Occupational Disease Panel and require the WSIB to apply standards set by the Panel when adjudicating disease claims. It must also fully fund the Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers to provide timely investigations of occupational disease clusters at the request of workers and surviving family members.

“Failure to recognize occupational diseases not only harms those workers making claims, it harms future prevention efforts,” said Coates.

The Demers report was first promised by the outgoing Liberal government in the spring of 2018, following years of activism by workers and family members affected by the extensive confirmed carcinogenic exposures at the GE Peterborough facility.  The current PC government followed through on that promise only in January 2019, after renewed activism by former Kitchener area rubber workers and their families highlighted that the WSIB remains completely out of step with advances in scientific research.

In the meantime, including the last six months while the report sat on a shelf at the Ministry of Labour, hundreds of workers have received WSIB denial letters for new and reconsidered occupational cancer claims that include the promise of another review after the release of the Demers report.

“It is now clear from the report itself that hundreds, even thousands, more claims have been unjustly denied in the past and require urgent review,” said Coates. “The WSIB must act immediately on the recommendation to create new policies addressing exposure to multiple carcinogens in the workplace and the interaction between occupational and non-occupational exposures.

The WSIB has long pretended that “lifestyle” issues like smoking, alcohol and obesity somehow magically counteract workplace carcinogens, despite scientific findings that multiple carcinogens nearly always act together, sometimes synergistically. The same goes for a “family history” of cancer, which with very few exceptions must be considered nothing more than one factor in a complex picture, interacting with exposure to carcinogens. The WSIB must stop looking for easy “either-or” technicalities and start dealing with the complex realities of “both-and”.

By Labour Day, the WSIB can and must put Interim policies addressing multiple exposures and the interaction of occupational and non-occupational causes into the hands of its adjudicators, and suspend all existing policies on individual diseases with inappropriate treatments of these issues and other arbitrary considerations such as specified latency periods between exposures and the onset of disease.

And finally, the provincial government must also add all of the carcinogens identified by the IARC as carcinogenic to humans to the schedules under the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act (WSIA).  These are known as IARC Group 1 carcinogens.  Many of these substances have been known to be carcinogenic for literally decades and yet never added to the WSIB’s schedules.  This action does not require a legislative amendment.  The provincial cabinet can do this simply by amending the regulations to the WSIA.

The Board must review all previously denied cancer claims in light of these new policies and overturn decisions that failed to properly address multiple carcinogens in the workplace, or to recognize the interaction rather than competition between occupational and non-occupational factors or which have been invalidated by new research.

This process cannot wait for the rebuilding of scientific and medical capacity at the WSIB and Ministry of Labour recommended by the report. Clear errors can and must be corrected without further delay, and the identification of outstanding issues raised by these reports of occupational cancer from Ontario workers must direct the future use of that renewed capacity. Failure to recognize occupational diseases not only harms those workers making claims, it harms future prevention efforts.

In the longer term, regulation- and policy-making must change in ways beyond anything contemplated by Dr. Demers’ mandate from the Ministry. The WSIB’s terrible performance results from the tangle of conflicting statutory duties and political interests created by its roles as legislator, adjudicator, benefit and service provider, revenue collector and investment fund manager. Ontario must restore a fully funded, independent Occupational Disease Panel with worker, employer and scientific representation, focussed exclusively on establishing fair criteria for evaluating compensation claims. This Panel must have clear, exclusive jurisdiction to establish those criteria, with the WSIB bound to implement them. The Board can no longer be allowed to make up its own rules as it goes along.

The same goes for the investigation of cancer clusters. Neither the Board nor the Ministry can be trusted to handle what are effectively complaints about the failure to prevent occupational cancers in a particular workplace or industry or to fairly compensate affected workers who have come forward on an individual basis. Historically, scientific and medical resources of both Board and Ministry were often wasted, as in Peterborough, in efforts to convince workers and families that they should not believe their eyes, that cancer clusters did not exist, were not as big as they seemed, or when looked at case-by-case by the WSIB were not caused by exposures in the workplace. In other cases, such as silicosis or cancer in Elliot Lake uranium miners or asbestos workers in Sarnia, information about disease clusters confirmed and documented by Ministry scientists was more likely to be shared at international scientific conferences or in journal articles than with the affected workers, their doctors and unions.

In these instances and many more, those directly affected have turned to the Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers (OHCOW) for independent occupational hygiene and medical assessments of workplace exposures and their relationship to cancers and other diseases. Workers deserve independent assessments of suspected clusters and their own individual health conditions as a matter of basic health care, provided as a professional service directly to them and not exclusively as a sidelight of the commercial, legal and political projects of employers, politicians and bureaucrats.

OHCOW is the only actor in the health and safety system that has the expertise and credibility with workers to pursue investigations of occupational disease clusters, but is not fully funded to respond quickly and comprehensively. That needs to change and change fast.

The Ontario Federation of Labour represents 54 unions and one million workers in Ontario. For information, visit www.OFL.ca and follow @OFLabour on Facebook and Twitter.

Mar 272019

Note from Gerald: I have been privileged to attend a number of webinars with Judge Langham as a very informed guest and attended by numerous doctors and lawyers, all experts in the workers compensation system. Most agree that the grand bargain is no longer a bargain for workers and has not been for quite some time. Several years ago I referred to to the workers compensation systems as being an antiquated system that does not work in the modern world and this verifies what I said years ago. The people we elect for public office are not visionaries that can envision a modern day approach to how the system should work for the benefit of workers and employers. Obviously the biggest problem with the antiquated system is determining causation. When workers compensation was forced onto workers by Government without any checks or balances, compensation was specific to acute injuries which had an obvious causal relation as opposed to hundreds or thousands of diagnosed work related injuries, disease and mental illnesses in the modern world that are denied based on unqualified doctors who provide false and misleading medical opinions that are reviewed by unqualified adjudicators who determine whose medical opinion is more compelling.

Workers compensation has to be the worst disability insurance that a worker would ever be exposed to. This is a system that destroys families, causes suicides.I have yet to talk to any worker that has not said that if they believed if they could get away with it, they would kill the people that ruined their lives. A modern day system would completely eliminate causation and provide disability insurance without establishing a cause being that no one can ascertain what risk factors are present in the work environment. I have yet to review a claim where it did not involve 15-20 doctors or more with none of them being experts as causation is determined by science not by guessing the cause. Unfortunately even medical science is wrong more times than they are right. 

Judge Langham is bang on that our politicians have created a two tier system where firefighters are treated differently than other occupations without any evidence to support that firefighters are any more at risk for cancers and heart attacks than any other occupation. Epidemiological studies determining risk was based on reference to the general population which according to the National Academy of Science is not a valid reference. If an epidemiological study were to take any occupational group and reference that occupational group to the general population many occupational groups would have a much higher risk factor than firefighters for cancer or heart attacks. Assembly line workers for example who perform repetitive high force work have 10 times the risk as a firefighter specific to musculoskeletal disorders, yet there is no legislation providing presumptive status to assembly line workers for musculoskeletal disorders. A recent study has determined that driving heavy machinery such as tractors, combines, large trucks results in vibration that causes back injuries, yet there is no presumptive status for truckers, farm workers for back injuries. Studies have also determined that heavy manual work over the years contributes to degenerative disc disease and yet DDD is not presumed to be contributed to by years of heavy manual work. Farm workers who use pesticides, herbicides and insecticides on a regular basis have a much higher risk than fire fighters especially now that Roundup has been determined to be a dangerous carcinogen. It is about time that our politicians brought in a system that protects workers and stops punishing them for injuries or diseases that they had no control over. 

The modern system I would envision would be a system that would guarantee acceptance of a claim by not including causation which would reduce costs by at least 50% or more especially the medical component that would reduce or totally eliminate doctors who do not have a doctor patient relationship, have no duty of care, have no responsibility for their medical opinion, can be subpoenaed but never are and cannot be sued for providing false and misleading medical opinions.

Source: https://www.workerscompensation.com/news_read.php?id=32030

Workers’ compensation cancer presumptions are not new. This blog has addressed the topic some with Cancer Presumptions for Firefighters (2014), Firefighters Seek to Change Cancer(2016), and Cancer Presumption in Australia (2016).

There is a bill introduced to bring a cancer compensation process to Florida. Senate Bill 426(“SB426”) would define “cancer” to include the specific maladies of “Bladder cancer, Brain cancer, Breast cancer, Cervical cancer, Colon cancer, Esophageal cancer, Invasive skin cancer, Kidney cancer, Large intestinal cancer, Lung cancer, Malignant melanoma, Mesothelioma, Multiple myeloma, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Oral cavity and pharynx cancer, Ovarian cancer, Prostate cancer, Rectal cancer, Stomach cancer, Testicular cancer, (and) Thyroid cancer.”There are those who are referring to this as a “cancer presumption,” but that may not be an accurate description. This bill does not interact with Florida workers’ compensation, but is instead “an alternative to pursuing workers’ compensation benefits under chapter 440.” It is available if a firefighter (or former firefighter for up to 10 years) is diagnosed with cancer and

“has been employed by his or her employer for at least 5 continuous years, has not used tobacco products for at least the preceding 5 years, and has not been employed in any other position in the preceding 5 years which is proven to create a higher risk for any cancer.”

This is not an entirely new subject. Several states have workers’ compensation firefighter cancer presumption laws. According to Pennsylvania Judge David Torrey, thirty-three states have addressed firefighter cancer in some way.Meanwhile, officials in Ontario, Canada are analyzing work cancer claims in a more holistic and inclusive manner. The “director of the Occupational Cancer Research Centre at Cancer Care Ontario” has undertaken to study “workplace-related cancer for the Ministry of Labour.” TheRecord.com suggests that cancer claims are “a contentious issue today.” It notes that more “than a century ago” workers compensation laws were enacted, and their effect is a prohibition on employee lawsuits against their employers.The Research Centre Director contends that workers’ compensation was not designed for the modern world. He claims that it is structured based upon knowledge founded “in an era long before occupational disease was understood.” Therefore, he advocates that workers’ compensation needs to “to adapt to the hazards” to which people are exposed at work. He opines that the various jurisdictions’ systems have not evolved in parallel with medical science.TheRecord.com sees an example of this in “former rubber workers.” It notes that some of these have unsuccessfully sought workers’ compensation benefits “for cancer and other diseases,” only to suffer “long delays, road blocks and frustration.” The Director contends that compensation for such disease “should not be an adversarial situation.” Instead, compensation “should be a right to people.” TheRecord.com says that the research the Director is performing will be used by province officials to reconsider rubber workers’ claims for occupational disease between 2002 and 2017.In some cases, the evidence around specific workplace carcinogens isn’t new at all, but the compensation system has still struggled to adequately respond to the problems it causes for workers, he said. He contends that “our knowledge of what causes cancer at work improves every year,” and that this body of evidence to which he refers might be used to support claims for cancer or other occupational disease.The Director “believes the majority of occupational diseases are never reported.” Despite that, the story says that in an eleven year period, the province workers’ compensation system “allowed about 125,000 occupational disease claims which totaled more than $950 million in benefit costs.” Thus, almost a billion dollars (presumably Canadian dollars, which would convert to about $717 billion U.S.). But TheRecord says “that’s just scratching the surface of the problem.”The publication and the Director seem to be advocating for physician education in order that such allegedly work-related conditions are diagnosed as being work-related. Secondarily, there seems to be advocacy of a claims process that is geared toward compensating more such claims after they are “assessed based on the latest science.” There is no description provided of what this science is, however. Perhaps that will all become more clear after the next year of the Canadian study. A recent Canada British Columbia news story draws comparisons between firefighters and other employees.In the mean time, Florida will not be alone in a legislative discussion of cancer this year. WorkCompCentral reported recently that Montana is considering a sweeping presumption bill for firefighters. It reportedly “lists a dozen conditions that would be presumed compensable when diagnosed after a specific period of employment.” This bill also addresses cardiovascular disease.The same day, WorkCompCentral reported that Maryland is considering a bill to expand its firefighter cancer presumption. This would “add bladder, kidney or renal cell cancer to the list of diseases presumed to be compensable for firefighters.” The article notes Maryland presumptions already “include throat and lung (cancer) because of the smoke conditions.”And, Texas is reportedly considering legislation to clarify its firefighter presumption law. WorkCompCentral reports that the law is considered “murky.” According to the story, “insurers say (the law) limits firefighters to just three types of malignancies, but fire workers say already includes most types of cancer.” Employees are seeking better enforcement of compensability decisions, and employers are seeking clarity of the law’s scope.Recently, a California jury awarded $29 million to a woman for cancer it related to the use of baby powder. The American Cancer Society notes that some talcum powder contains asbestos, and warns that inhaling asbestos-laced powder can cause cancer. Its’ website is more circumspect regarding talcum powder and cancer: “The evidence about asbestos-free talc is less clear.” Thus, there seems some potential for debate regarding this causative link.The Environmental Protection Agency has recently banned the sale of Methylene Chloride, according to WebMD. It notes that this chemical compound can cause carbon monoxide poisoning, and “over the long term it increases the risk of cancer.” Despite those warnings, the EPA ban only affects consumer purchasing. The chemical will still be obtainable for commercial applications. It is estimated that some “32,000 workers use methylene chloride at work. New Jersey attorney Jon Gelman has addressed this substance in his blog.Back in California, The Telegraph reports Bayer (which purchased Monsanto in 2015) was found responsible by a jury that concluded “glyphosate-based weed killer Roundup caused non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.” Notably, the plaintiff had “sprayed the herbicide on his property for decades.” According to the Chicago Tribune, there is disagreement about glyphosphate. On one hand “Monsanto says studies have established that Roundup’s active ingredient, glyphosate, is safe,” and “many government regulators have rejected a link between cancer and glyphosate.”

The manufacturer claims that “hundreds of studies have established that the chemical is safe.” However, the jury concluded otherwise, finding “using Roundup was a significant factor in his cancer.” The recent trial there was in federal court, suggesting that the science that was presented by both plaintiff and defense was subject to the Daubert standard discussed in Dissing DaubertDaubert Better Explained, and Daubert, We Barely Knew Ye.Thus, there are questions about what does and does not cause cancer, causation issues. There may be issues as to how long after some exposure cancer will appear, latency issues. There may be occupations in which exposure to various chemicals and compounds is more or less likely. There may be variables such as the degree of exposure, intensity of exposure, use of safety equipment, and more. In total, there may be more questions about cancer than answers.The legislative efforts seem focused only upon firefighters, and yet a great many questions appear unanswered. Is there justification in tiered recovery systems that treat some workers differently than others? Is there recent science, as suggested by the Ontario Director, that antiquates existing workers’ compensation decision making? If so, where is that science? So many questions.

Mar 042018

By Gerald

Click on the following link: https://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/news-story/8290438-peterborough-general-electric-families-launch-social-media-campaign/ Regardless of whether it is the WSIB in Ontario or WCB in Alberta, neither of them are in compliance with the Courts. First of all, decisions are supposed to be made on a balance of probabilities, not on medical science as setting the bar based on medical science according to the SCC is far too high, even higher than in criminal law. Relying on epidemiological studies in determining causation is raising the bar far beyond a balance of probabilities which is simply based on common sense and logic.

If for example a person is diagnosed with cancer or any other disease, if there is any cancer causing carcinogens present in the work place, based on a balance of probability, the cancer arose out of and occurred during in the course of employment, pure and simple. That is how workers compensation systems were designed to adjudicate claims. If in fact if WCB wishes to fund double blind studies to prove contrary, then workers should and must be paid interim compensation until such time that it can be proven that the worker’s cancer did not arise out of and occurred during the course of employment.

Jan 142017

By Gerald

In the U.S. they have opened up a Pandora’s box by providing presumptive status to firefighters. The reason presumptive status is provided in the U.S. is because their workers compensation system operates under an Adversarial system that involves private insurers as opposed to Canada that operates or supposed to operate under an Inquiry system and presumptive status is not required as the burden of proof is not on workers but on the “Board” At least that is how it is supposed to work in Canada but somehow or other the system in Canada has become an Adversarial system. I do believe that any cancer diagnosed for fire fighters is in fact based on the balances of probabilities caused by the work environment. Click on the following link;http://ktar.com/story/1419634/arizona-firefighters-want-10-more-types-of-cancer-added-to-workers-comp-coverage/